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The Weaving Process

Weaving is a method of interlacing two sets of threads, the warp threads and the weft (horizontal) threads, to make cloth. The word textile is often used in place of cloth. A person who makes woven cloth is called a weaver. Weave means to make cloth and other objects. In weaving two sets of threads over and under each other.. Weaving is often completed on high speed looms.

The Warp Threads

The warp is a set of vertical threads, spread out parallel to each other and held under tension. The weft is a set of horizontal threads that lace over and under the warp threads. The weft threads fill in the spaces between the warp threads making cloth. The weft is sometimes called the woof or filling thread Weaving is a method of lacing together threads to make cloth. There are 2 sets of threads used to weave cloth - the warp threads and the weft threads After all the warp yarns have been threaded, they are securely tied to the back warp beam of the loom. The secured warp is then wound on to the back beam, using the warp beam hand crank. This process is called beaming the warp. The weaver proceeds slowly to ensure the warp yarns wind on in an even manner. After the warp has been completely wound on the loom, the front ends of the warp are tied to the front cloth beam. The weaver checks the beamed warp yarns for even tension and threading errors. The warp is now ready for weaving Yarns and threads are the raw materials for cloth construction. Threads are fine, tightly spun fibers. Yarns are fibers spun into thicker strands. Once the loom is dressed and the weft yarns are prepared, the weaver is ready to start weaving. The weaver facing the front of the loom. The first harness in the pattern is raised creating an opening in the warp called a shed. The weaver passes the shuttle through the opening laying the weft thread across the bottom layer of warp threads. Next, the second pattern harness is raised. The new shed is opened and the weaver grasps the beater (the rectangular frame that holds the reed) and pulls the weft thread snugly toward the front of the loom. Each time the weft thread is passed from side to side through the warp shed and pulled or beaten into place a pick is created.

The weaver continues weaving the cloth pick by pick until the desired length of cloth is reached. In the mending and folding department the cloth is brought from the shed to the mending area. The cloth is then put on the mending tables and the menders check the cloth. The basic purpose of the menders is to identify the weaving faults and reporting it to the weaving department for making correction on the looms. There other function is to correct the faults that are mendable.

There are a number of faults that that can be corrected through mending such as Tar shoot, Temple mark, and Reed mark etc. I regularly check the cloth being mended on the table and often make corrections. Once the cloth is mended then it is put in the folding machines and the cloth is folded and is ready to be sent to the party. Then he briefly described me the purchase process. In the beginning my duty was to call different sellers of parts and ask them to send a

Mending and folding

In folding and mending the cloth is brought by workers working in the folding staff from the shed to there department. There they fold the cloth and then they check the cloth and if they found a weaving fault. There are various faults such as:

  • Miss picks 
  • Starting Marks 
  • Reed mark 
  • Temple mark 
  • Oil stain


  • WTO may make a bad impact on the cloth market of Pakistan.
  • There will be increased competition after WTO.
  • Cheap Chinese cloth.
  • Increase in duties on textile

Uniform Dyeing & Printing
Uniform Dyeing & Printing
Uniform Dyeing & Printing